Israel is a unique country, where shrines of the world’s major religions – Christianity, Judaism and Islam. Every year, here on pilgrimage to the shrines, pilgrims come from all over the world. This place at least once in life must come to every Christian, in order to venerate the tomb of the Lord. Here the Jews must repent at the Wailing Wall, and Muslims to visit the al-Aqsa mosque.
The Church of the Nativity is perhaps the greatest asset of Jerusalem. Every day the number of people wishing to visit the dwelling place of the Holy spirit, increases several times. The Church itself is located where the legend was the birthplace of Jesus. The original temple was built during the reign of Constantine the Great and destroyed in the year 529, after which the Supreme ruler Justinian rebuilt it, he gave orders to build a temple using hewn stone. Since then, the temple has not changed, and it remained pure, breathtaking atmosphere.
Address: Israel, Bethlehem, Nursery street.
Schedule: Open from 6:30 to 19:30 from April to September and from 5:30 until 17:00 from October to March.
Directions: On the Hebron road in Jerusalem to the southern exit of the city through the gate-300 Next right and at the fork to the left. From a Jerusalem Shamsky (Damascus, Nablusi) gate (Sha’ar Shechem, Bab El-Amud) bus 124 Arab bus company.
The Church of the Holy Sepulchre is the most revered place of the Christian world. The Bible said, what exactly happened here agonizing death of Jesus, after which he moved to the grotto, where he rose on the third day. This is the place where Jesus was at peace, became a place of unity between Christians and Muslims. Today in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre includes:
- The Chapel Of The Edicule
- The Altar Of Rosatia
- Underground abode of life-giving cross
- The Church of St. Helena
- The temple of Jerusalem Church ‘ katholikon
The doors of the sanctuary is open to visitors every day of the week, but especially at Easter, when tourists come from all over the world.
Address: the Christian quarter of the Old city of Jerusalem.
Phone: 02 627 3314.
Schedule: Open daily from 5:00 until 20:00 in summer and from 5:00 until 19:00 in winter.
Best visiting time: from 16.00-17.00 closed, when less pilgrimage and tour groups.
Clothing: Modest clothing that covers arms and legs. Not allowed shorts, short skirts, sleeveless garments.
Photography is allowed.
The entrance is free.
Directions: Buses№ 3, 19, 13, 41, 30, 99 to the Jaffa gate of the Old town, then walk.
Wailing wall in Jerusalem. This Shrine, which is located on the former site of the temple built by king Solomon in the beginning of 960 B.C. Later it was destroyed by the Babylonian king Nebuchadnezzar. Since then remained one of the protective wall length of approximately 156 meters. It is made of heavy solid plates. The name “Wailing Wall” found in (XVI century). Annually on the location of this sanctuary Jews come from all over the world with prayers to the Almighty. Prayers that are written on a piece of paper laid in holes in the wall. For men and for women is a separate part of the plate.
Address: Old city of Jerusalem, the Jewish quarter.
Schedule: Open daily.
Clothing: modest. Women should be covered shoulders, men – headdress (yarmulke, pile). Can be rented at the Wailing Wall.
Prohibited from visiting with Pets.
On Saturday and Jewish holidays Smoking, photography and the use of mobile phones is prohibited.
Directions: by Public transport: Buses 1, 2 and 38.
For Parking personal vehicles usually are not enough available seats, so it is preferable to use public transport.
Historical heritage of Jerusalem are also walls. This eight gates built by the Muslim people in the XVI century. Some of the great gates are “Damascus gate.” In their place once stood the famous Roman gate. The Eastern arch is preserved to this day.